The Little Karoo is separated from the Great Karoo by the Swartberg Mountain range. Geographically, it is a 290 km long valley, only 40–60 km wide, formed by two parallel Cape Fold Mountain ranges, the Swartberg to the north, and the continuous Langeberg-Outeniqua range to the south. The northern strip of the valley, within 10–20 km from the foot of the Swartberg mountains is most un-karoo-like, in that it is a well watered area both from the rain, and the many streams that cascade down the mountain, or through narrow defiles in the Swartberg from the Great Karoo.
- Southern Africa
- South Africa
- Western Cape
- Cape Floristic Region / Kingdom
- Klein Karoo
- Anysberg Nature Reserve
- Baviaanskloof and Baviaansberg
- Calitzdorp to Calitzdorp spa lowlands and surrounds
- Groenfontein, The Retreat, Calitzdorp
- Guano Caves
- Kammanassie Mountain inselberg
- Karoo1 Reserve and Guest Lodge
- Ladismith lowlands in the northern Klein Karoo
- Monument, Matjiesfontein
- Swartberg Mountains - northern Klein Karoo boundary
- Witteberg Conservancy
- Witteberg Conservancy Test
- Zebra to Bankenrante
Named after the genus Acanthus (Bear's breeches) of which Acanthus mollis is the best known and has been used as the aesthetic basis for capitals in the Corinthian order of architecture. Acanthus was the greek term for Acanthus mollis.
From the Latin cristata / cristatus meaning ‘tufted’, 'crested' or 'comb-like' as in resembling the comb on a chicken
From the Latin fili = 'thread-like' and caulis = 'stem'; referring to a thin stem
In honor of Karl Heinrich Bergius (1790–1818) German naturalist and apothecary who collected at Cape Town, South Africa
Latin meaning from Canada
From the Latin ‘suave’ / ‘suave’ meaning ‘pleasantly’; and the Latin ‘olens’ / ‘olens’ meaning ‘smelling’. i.e. pleasant smelling.
Honoring Prof. Robert Harold Compton (1886-1979). Cambridge educated botanist and the second director of Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens, he made more than 35 000 collections. In 1914 he parrticipated in a field expedition to New Caledonia and found both new genera and new species. This collecting register is in the British Museum. After war service from 1915-1918 he became a professor of botany at the University of Cape Town. He founded and edited the Journal of South African Botany. Upon his retirement he settled in Swaziland and undertook a survey of the territory.
From the Latin lineatus = 'lined'