Previously known as Tongaland after the Tonga people, the Maputaland region lies between Swaziland and the coast.
Maputaland is a natural region of Southern Africa. It is located in the northern part of the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa between Swaziland and the coast. In a wider sense it may also include the southernmost region of Mozambique. The bird routes and coral reefs off the coast are major tourist attractions.
Now the name of this traditional region is being revived for the Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, one of the ecoregions of South Africa, as well as for the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Hotspot
For Jean-Étienne Guettard (1715–1786), French physician, naturalist, botanist and geologist (mineralogist). He was curator of the natural history collection of the French scientist René de Réaumur (1741), a member of the Faculty of Medicine of Paris (1742) and one time médecin botaniste to the French Prince Louis, Duc d’Orléans (1747–1752). He was the first to map France geologically, his Atlas et Description Minéralogiques de la France (1780) showing the mineralogical distributions of much of Europe. He was one of the first scientists to notice the relationship between the distribution of plants and the soils and subsoils. During his research he discovered (1765) Kaolin clay in Alençon, which resulted in the production of Sèvres porcelain.
From the Latin spicatus = ‘spiked’
For Jean Claude Mien Mordant de Launay (c 1750–1816), French lawyer, naturalist and lover of the arts. He became an assistant librarian at Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris from 1794 and later became librarian of the Natural History Museum of Havre. From 1798–1794 he was in charge of the menagerie at the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. He authored a number of works that include (in translation) The Good Gardener, an almanac that he edited every year from 1804 and the General Herbarium [for the] Amateur (1811–1812).
From the Latin words bi meaning 'two' and flora meaning 'flower.'
The Latin name for the black mulberry, M. nigra. (Celtic mor= black, the colour of the fruit.)