Towerlands Wilderness Retreat
Farm co-owned by botanist and photographer Greg Nicholson, this is a delightful venue in the Langeberg Mountains west of Garcias pass that features natural-earth houses.
Named after the genus Acanthus (Bear's breeches) of which Acanthus mollis is the best known and has been used as the aesthetic basis for capitals in the Corinthian order of architecture. Acanthus was the greek term for Acanthus mollis.
For Alexander Brown (f 1692–1698), a naval surgeon and plant collector who worked for the East India Company around 1690 and collected in India, the Cape, Spain and Arabia, etc. sending specimens to Plukenet (1641–1706), an English botanist, royal professor of botany and gardener to Queen Mary; James Petiver (c 1665–1718) a London apothecary; Jacob Bobart (c 1665–1718) in Oxford and to Charles du Bois (1656–1740), an English merchant and botanist, treasurer of the East India Company. He amassed a vast herbarium of East Indian plants. No further details are known.
For George Clifford (1685–1760), Dutch merchant and banker, amateur botanist and zoologist. He was a director of the Dutch East India Company and owned a magnificent garden at Hartecamp, Netherlands, as well as a private zoo in Amsterdam. George Clifford is best known as a patron of the Swedish naturalist Linnaeus, whom he employed as ‘hortulanus’ and who catalogued the family’s unique collection of plants, herbarium and library. The result was Linnaeus’s 530-page book Hortus Cliffortianus (1738), his first important work, in which he described many species from Clifford’s garden. The publication was paid for by George Clifford as a private edition.
For Theodorus Augerius Clutius (Outgers Cluyt) (1577–1636), Dutch botanist, horticulturalist, beekeeper and pharmacist, eldest son of Dirck Outgaertszoon Cluyt (Clutius) (1550–1598) from Delft, an apothecary, curator of the Leiden botanical garden, and an authority on medicinal herbs. Outgers studied and worked with his father in the garden. After his father died he hoped to become his successor, but failed in the attempt. Thereafter, he studied at the University of Montpellier for several years. Between 1602–1608 he travelled to France, Germany and Spain, and also, later, on three occasions to the desert of Barbary in North Africa to increase his knowledge and collect plants for the Leiden botanical garden. Leiden University rewarded him handsomely for his efforts. On his return to the Netherlands (1618), he worked as a physician and during that time worked hard to promote the Amsterdam Hortus Botanicus where he obtained a job against strong opposition. Herman Boerhaave honoured Outgers (and his father) by naming Clutia pulchella after them.
For Pedanius Dioscorides, (c 40–90) Greek physician, whose Materia Medica, circulated in Latin, Greek, and Arabic, was the leading work of its kind throughout the Middle Ages and remains a major source of historical information relating to medicines used by the Greeks, Romans and other cultures.